Reasons for a faster than “normal” heart rate can be divided into three main categories:
- Physiological reasons
- Pathological reasons
- Environmental influences and external factors
A simple method to evaluate or predict heart rate during a training is to ask yourself these six questions:
- How do I feel today?
- Was/am/will I possibly get sick?
- Am I trained well or did I pause – what is my fitness level? Alternatively, you can measure your resting heart rate variability.
- Am I under a lot of stress recently?
- Did I drink enough?
- What are my hormones level? (mostly relevant for women)
Write down answers to these questions next to a training workload in your training journal and pay attention to it. You will see that if you have a deficit, your body will compensate for this with increased blood and oxygen transport. This leads to an above-average pulse. If you are healthy, trained and well prepared, your pulse will meet your expectations again.
To know what your body can perform also means to be aware of your mental state – the interplay of body and spirit is more important than many athletes realize.